How to format a Hard Drive or Disk in Windows 10

“Format” as a word on computers are very popular and a word well known among computer users. We’ve all done it, especially with USB drives. Having said that, what people sometimes fear is when it comes to formatting hard drives and partitions. After all, we have data on them and we don’t want to lose it. In this article, we will share how to format a hard drive or disk. We will also discuss the types of formatting and tools that can help you delete files so that they cannot be recovered.

File system types

When formatting with any tool, you will be given the option to choose a format type. The standard formats are Fat32, NTFS which are used under Windows. FAT32 was extremely popular, but it was replaced by NTFS. The latter offers improvements and security. Another big advantage of using NTFS is that it can be read by macOS as well.

How to format a hard drive or disk

Here are some of the best ways to format a hard drive or disk. Make sure you take a backup before you format anything. After formatting is completed, it cannot be easily recovered. If you want to format part of the hard drive or hard drive, you can use the first two methods.

Using File Explorer

Using File Explorer

The easiest way to format a drive is to right-click on it and then choose to format it. The format window will open where you can select the default option, Quick Format or Full, and choose to format. The window also allows you to add a drive name, but you can always do it later.

Windows 10 now offers NTFS for the hard drive, but for external storage, you should have other options like exFAT and FAT 32. The first is for Linux.

Disk management tool

Disk management tool

If you want to do more than just format a drive, you can try the Disk Management Tool. It is an advanced tool that will require administrator privileges. Allows you to create, delete, merge partitions. So if your goal is to increase the partition of the primary drive because you are running out of space, you can use this tool. However, it is time-consuming and should only be used when you have no other options.

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Type Disk Management into the Start menu, then select the “Create and format hard drive partitions” list. The Disk Management window will display a list of partitions and attached storage devices.

  1. Right-click on the partition you want to format
  2. Select Format and the options window will open.
  3. Choose what works for you and click OK.
  4. Once the process is complete, the device is ready for use. You can do this for any number of partitions except the primary drive where Windows is installed.

Diskpart Tool

Diskpart is a built-in system tool offered by Windows, which can easily format disks, but it should be used with great caution as there is no user interface. Open the run prompt (Win + R) and type cmd. Then use Shift + Enter to start a command prompt with administrator privileges. Run the command in the same order as below.


list disk

select disk #

format fs=ntfs quick label=backup


Where # is the partition number, the last command will format the partition, and then name the label as “backup.”

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